“Are we teaching for our past or for their future?” This is the question that California high school educator, Bill Lombard, once asked me. It is one I have stopped and asked myself again and again ever since. We have spent time over the past year looking at an article by Sarah Wiggins titled “What is STEM and why should I teach it?” In the article, Ms. Wiggins listed her top ten reasons for making STEM instruction the foundation for your math and science curriculum.
"STEM requires students to actively engage"
I learned early in my career – through the process of many failed lesson plans – that students must be doing something or they are not learning. Learning is not a passive endeavor or a spectator sport. If a student’s primary task was sitting and listening to me, I was asking for trouble. A bored mind is a dangerous mind.
A half century ago, we could teach content and know that we were preparing students for better employment opportunities. The more content they mastered, the better chance they stood of getting a good job. To some degree, businesses were looking to hire those who knew the most.
Today that has changed. Information is readily available, and business wants to hire people who can think and solve problems. As teachers we have long understood that it is not enough to simply present content. We have to create students capable of high-level thinking.
For the past few months, we have been exploring the ten best reasons to incorporate S.T.E.M. instruction into our schools. This series is based on an article by Sarah Wiggins titled “What is STEM and why should I teach it?” Ms. Wiggins’ seventh reason is that S.T.E.M. makes failure a learning opportunity. This is the number one reason why I like to teach S.T.E.M.
In the past, I taught a unit of study and then gave students a culminating test. Whether they passed or failed, the state standards and the clock mandated that I move on. Hopefully, most of the passengers were still on the train, but even with the best of my efforts, I lost a few in the process.
Are we putting our students at a disadvantage by educating them in desks? Here is what I mean by that question. Recently I had the opportunity to do some educational work at Lava Beds National Monument in the high desert of California. It was part of a class I was taking through Colorado University on “place-based education.” The course explored the idea of educating students on-site. They are literally located in the place they are studying.
How do we foster creativity in our students, and why is it important? Stephan Turnipseed, president of Lego Education, North America, says it best: “Creativity is at the foundation of innovation and is vital for our country's growth and development. Creativity fuels all areas of our country's economy and prosperity.”
Imagine teaching 64 students from 2nd grade through high school level in one room. That would be the ultimate challenge for differentiated instruction. However, that is what I faced every Friday in my science class this year.
We have been looking at Sarah Wiggin’s article, “What is S.T.E.M. and why should I teach it?” in which she lists ten reasons to teach S.T.E.M. This article addresses her fourth point: S.T.E.M. promotes cooperative learning.
Our students finished their year by visiting a university. I found an empty classroom and asked them to enter and take a seat. The room seated 175 students in an elevated theater setting. At the front was a low stage with a demonstration table. They saw by the periodic table on one wall that this was a chemistry class, but not one like ours back at school.
I asked them if they thought the professor would come to your desk if you needed help. They realized that it was logistically impossible. “So how would you get help?” I asked.
Recently I challenged the students in my S.T.E.M. class to build a vehicle powered by a mousetrap (two for $1 at the Dollar Store). I love seeing the student groups engage so deeply in the process that I could have left the room and I believe they would have just kept working. But something surprised me even more. Two students came into class that week with vehicles they had built at home. They had told their families about the project, and with the help of their dads had tried to improve upon their classroom designs. One of the students was a boy who
Many have asked me during the course of my 35 years in education whether students are ore difficult now compared to when I was in school hundreds of years ago. I typically reply that children are children, and they are not that different than they were in previous years. However, there is one area in which I see students struggling to a greater degree today.
Brad Fulton is an award winning teacher and nationally recognized provider of professional development with over three decades of experience in education.
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